The country enjoys refreshing weather throughout the year, helped by a constant trade wind. Average temperatures hover around 28 Celsius (82 Fahrenheit), with September being the hottest month. Even in winter, water temperatures rarely dip below 23 Celsius (74 Fahrenheit). Average rainfall is 30 inches and the rainiest month is October. On average, the nation has 350 days of sunshine every year. Ever friendly, welcoming and devout churchgoers, the people of the TCI are mainly descendants of African slaves brought in to work the saltpans or the cotton plantations in times gone by. There is also an extensive expatriate population made up of people from all over the world. English is the official language. The local currency is the US dollar. Hurricanes periodically affect the islands.
The nation’s economic mainstay is tourism, boosted especially by some 370 km (230 miles) of gorgeous sandy beaches, extensive infrastructure development on Providenciales and world-class dive sites. This is followed by the financial sector, supported by a host of offshore financial service providers, private and retail banks, as well as law and accounting firms. Seafood exports, especially of conch and lobster, are also significant contributors to the economy.